The 6,000-Hour Learning Gap
By the time they reach 6th grade, middle class kids have likely spent 6,000 more hours learning than kids born into poverty. Sounds like a big gap? In this video, check our math.
The 6,000 Hour Learning Gap: Sources
The following studies describe the amount of time average students spend in enriching learning opportunities and/or the learning time access gap for low-income students.
- Afterschool Alliance (2013), 21st century community learning centers,
- Balfanz, R. (2009) Putting Middle Grades Students on the Graduation Path. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University.
- Barnett and Nores (2012), Estimated participation and hours in early care and education by type of arrangement and income at ages 2 to 4 in 2010;
- Barnett, et al., (2012), The state of pre-school 2012,
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, (2012), Economic news release,
- Coley, R.J. (2002) An uneven start: Indicators of inequality in school readiness. Princeton: Educational Testing Service. NJ.
- Gutiérrez , K. D., Izquierdo, C., & Kremer-Sadlik, T. (2010). Middle class working families’ beliefs and engagement in children’s extra-curricular activities: The social organization of children’s futures. The International Journal of Learning, 17(3), 633-656.
- Hofferth and Sandberg, (2000), An uneven start: Indicators of inequality in school readiness,
- Institute of Museum and Library Services, (2008), Public library report,
- McLaughlin & Pitcock, (2009),
- Meyer, D., Princiotta, D., & Lanahan, L. (2004). The Summer After Kindergarten: Children’s Activities and Library Use by Socioeconomic Status. (NCES 2004-037). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
- PBS Frontline, (2012),
- Wimer, et al. (2002), What are kids getting into these days?: Demographic differences in youth out-of school time participation,
- Wimer, Christopher, Bouffard, S.M., Caronongan, P., Dearing, E., Simpkins, S., Little, P., & Weiss, H. (2006). What are kids getting into these days?: Demographic differences in youth out-of school time participation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project.